Monday, July 25, 2016

Equipments at a Traction Sub-Station

Circuit Breaker, LA, Battery and Transformer ratings:


Friday, July 8, 2016

Automatic Tensioning Device (ATD)

We have used variety of ATDs in OHE: Winch, 3 Pulley( Pulley ration 1: 3), 5 Pulley
For the sake of SS wire rope, 2 pulley was replaced by 3 pulley design.



Contact wire tension:                  1000 Kg
Catenary Wire Tension:              1000 Kg
In tranway Type OHE, Tension:  1250 Kg

Weights suspended:  9 x 40 Kg + 2x 20 Kg = 400 Kg

So 666 Kg weight is suspended.
Purpose of equalising plate is to adjust in case of contact wire worn out.

normally we use XYZ value chart , but can do without it also, see how:

At 750 mts: 12.75 mm or 1/2 inch ( contraction or elongation)

say 800 , tension length at 40 deg

1.7x8 = 13.66 mm
13.6 x 5 = 68 mm

1250-68 = 1182 mm = Z

60 x 5  340

Y= 2500-340 = 2160 mm ( chart is not required)

Another option is this:



Monday, June 22, 2015

Electricity Tariff in India

 Various components are elaborated above
What tariff should include:

Target return on
  • Investment
  • O&M
  • Depreciation
  • Interests
  • Taxes
  • Fuel costs


Other factors:
  • Time of Use
  • Voltage levels
  • Reactive power
  • power quality issues

Type of consumers:
  • Industrial
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Agriculture (30 % in India)
What railway wants:

Consideration of Simultaneous Maximum Demand (SMD):- Sliding window integration period of at least 30 minutes.
This means railways should be considered a single consumers for all the TSS put together.

Now open access, regulatory regime has opened up new vistas in the tariff deciding mechanisms, but power supply authorities dont want to lose such a bulk consumer resulting into high wheeling charges










Saturday, April 9, 2011

Types of Masts and their weight schedule

Different types of masts are used in TRD. Out of these, most common mast's weight schedules are as follows:-

RSJ :- 507.205

BFB ( 6"x6") :- 361.285


Friday, April 8, 2011

Great News For Railway Electrification


Railway Board has issued Blue Print stating to electrify 14000 RKM by 2020. The routes and methodolgy has been elaborated in the document. If implemented it will be a great boost to the entire Indian economy.

Sunday, October 24, 2010

SYSTEM DETAILS OF A GENERAL SCADA SYSTEM

The overall supervisory remote control and data acquisition system designed for 25 KV traction supply essentially consists of :-

1.Master controller of RCF/Front End Processed (F.E.P)
2.Remote Controller at TSS, SP and SSP.

Functionally the provided at the remote control centre (RCC) performs the functions required for sending telecommands receiving telesignals and telemeter purpose.

The F.E.P is the heart of the system and master controller is used as mimic driver. This originates the interrogating messages during the normal scan sequence mode, or the control messages during the control mode. These serial messages are transmitted to the remote controller through modem. It also performs formatting and parity generation operations.

The F.E.P and SN -73 enables in maintaining the scan time within reasonable limits, and also provide large amount of date processing, data logging and Supervisory Control Operations through workstation keyboard.

A mimic diagram board can be connected through suitable interface to the master,

The MDB workstation provides a visual indication of state of the equipment at various stations.

The remote controller are ruggedised stand alone units, capable of performing task of acquisition monitoring and control required at TSS, SP and SSP. These act as intelligent slaves to the master at RCC, thereby reducing processing requirements of the master and the communication overhead. The remote controller is a microprocessor based data acquisition and control system capable of accepting analog as well as digital inputs. The remote controller has a communication interface which allows it to communicate with the master over telephone lines. The operation is half duplex, with FSK modulation and nominally at 600 baud-rate.

The status of the circuit breakers, isolators, etc. are given by the digital input modules. The system is isolated from the field inputs to ensure that no damage is done to the system as result of high voltage spikes on the input lines. The commands to circuit breakers, isolators etc. are given by digital output modules.

The on-board relay contacts can carry a maximum of 2 amps current which is sufficient to drive the interposing relays.

The current, voltage, MVA power factor and other analog measurements are done by feeding the signals to the analog input modules. The transducers convert the parameters into acceptable signals in the form 0 -10V, -5 to +5 or 0-20 mA current loop. The input module use ADC having a resolution of 12 bits.

Besides the above technical features, the system bus structure has been specially designed for noisy environment at high data transfer rates.

Friday, October 8, 2010

Some Facts About Tower Wagon

In BEML make Tower Wagons, Transmission is Hydraulic.

In ICF make Tower Wagons, Transmission is Electric.

Fuel in Tower wagon lasts 16 hours average.

Tank Capacity is 650 Litres.

In DETC 4 wheeler Tower Wagon of BHEL there is only one TM.

About SCADA

SCADA is heart of TRD. It monitors and controls system at 220KV/110KV, 25 KV( at TSS, SP and SSP).

Voltage about SCADA :-

24 V DC:- for RTU and Lamps

110 v DC :- control supply of CB

230 V DC :- for panel.

Reactors are used in RVTs.

Wednesday, September 15, 2010

Tower Wagons:- The grey area of TRD

It is said that TRD has well organised set up. This is half truth only. Most important asset of TRD - the Tower Wagon is grossly neglected. Track machines are also meant for maintaining tracks like the twoer wagons are there for maintaining OHE but while former are taken care by huge organisational back upsuch as ZMC and TMC, tower wagons are left at God's mercy.
Not only the maintenance of Tower wagons is haywire, they are allowed to be misused:-
1.Used for trailing window inspections
2.Used for carrying material
3.Used for hauling empty wagons.

It becomes risky to move 4 wheelers as they may stall on line, and 8 wheelers are always having some major problem in one of their engines. What is the solution?
In my opinion the only solution is that old meter guage or narrow guage sheds which are being closed or are being reopened on flimsy ground be converted into exclusive Tower Wagon maintenance sheds.